Alexander Nevsky Lavra

The history of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra — "Alexandrov temple" begins in 1710. Peter the Great drew his attention to the place where Grand Prince Alexander Nevsky he defeated the Swedes in 1240. The place was called “victory” and it was ordered to build a monastery in the honor of the Holy Trinity and St. Alexander Nevsky on this spot. Alexander Nevsky monastery was conceived by Peter the Great as an example and in 1720 a printing house was opened within its doors. In August 1724 the relics of St. Alexander Nevsky have been triumphantly transferred from Vladimir to St. Petersburg. The status of this event was considered by contemporaries equal to conclusion of peace with Sweden and the end of the long Northern war. St. Petersburg Theological Academy was located on the territory of Alexander Nevsky Lavra and became a higher theological education institution. From the first years of the monastery its territory was a burial place. In 1932 a necropolis museum was created in Lavra on the basis of the richest collections of grave monuments of the XVIII-beginning of XX century. Lots of famous Russians are buried here: the oldest cemetery of the monastery, Lasarevskoe, the necropolis of the XVIII century, is the burial place of Princess Natalia, the sister of Peter the Great, the famous scientist M. Lomonosov, architects I. Starov, A. Voronikhin, A. Zakharov, sculptors M. Kozlovsky, F. Shubin. At the Tikhvin cemetery, or the Necropolis of masters of arts, you can visit the graves of prominent figures of culture: I. Krylov, F. Dostoevsky, composers M. Mussorgsky, P. Tchaikovsky, M. Glinka, N. Rimsky-Korsakov, sculptor P. Klodt and many others.

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